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Past Events › Stochastics and Statistics Seminar Series

The MIT Statistics and Data Science Center hosts guest lecturers from around the world in this weekly seminar.

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February 2020

Tales of Random Projections

February 28, 2020 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Kavita Ramanan (Brown University)

E18-304

Abstract: Properties of random projections of high-dimensional probability measures are of interest in a variety of fields, including asymptotic convex geometry, and potential applications to high-dimensional statistics and data analysis. A particular question of interest is to identify what properties of the high-dimensional measure are captured by its lower-dimensional projections. While fluctuations of these projections have been well studied over the past decade, we describe more recent work on the tail behavior of such projections, and various implications. This talk…

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Predictive Inference with the Jackknife+

February 21, 2020 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Rina Foygel Barber (University of Chicago)

E18-304

Abstract: We introduce the jackknife+, a novel method for constructing predictive confidence intervals that is robust to the distribution of the data. The jackknife+ modifies the well-known jackknife (leaveoneout cross-validation) to account for the variability in the fitted regression function when we subsample the training data. Assuming exchangeable training samples, we prove that the jackknife+ permits rigorous coverage guarantees regardless of the distribution of the data points, for any algorithm that treats the training points symmetrically (in contrast, such guarantees…

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Diffusion K-means Clustering on Manifolds: provable exact recovery via semidefinite relaxations

February 14, 2020 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Xiaohui Chen (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

E18-304

Abstract: We introduce the diffusion K-means clustering method on Riemannian submanifolds, which maximizes the within-cluster connectedness based on the diffusion distance. The diffusion K-means constructs a random walk on the similarity graph with vertices as data points randomly sampled on the manifolds and edges as similarities given by a kernel that captures the local geometry of manifolds. Thus the diffusion K-means is a multi-scale clustering tool that is suitable for data with non-linear and non-Euclidean geometric features in mixed dimensions. Given…

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Gaussian Differential Privacy, with Applications to Deep Learning

February 7, 2020 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Weijie Su (University of Pennsylvania)

E18-304

Abstract: Privacy-preserving data analysis has been put on a firm mathematical foundation since the introduction of differential privacy (DP) in 2006. This privacy definition, however, has some well-known weaknesses: notably, it does not tightly handle composition. This weakness has inspired several recent relaxations of differential privacy based on the Renyi divergences. We propose an alternative relaxation we term “f-DP”, which has a number of nice properties and avoids some of the difficulties associated with divergence based relaxations. First, f-DP preserves…

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December 2019

Inferring the Evolutionary History of Tumors

December 6, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Simon Tavaré (Columbia University)

E18-304

Abstract: Bulk sequencing of tumor DNA is a popular strategy for uncovering information about the spectrum of mutations arising in the tumor, and is often supplemented by multi-region sequencing, which provides a view of tumor heterogeneity. The statistical issues arise from the fact that bulk sequencing makes the determination of sub-clonal frequencies, and other quantities of interest, difficult. In this talk I will discuss this problem, beginning with its setting in population genetics. The data provide an estimate of the…

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November 2019

Automated Data Summarization for Scalability in Bayesian Inference

November 22, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Tamara Broderick (MIT)

E18-304

Abstract: Many algorithms take prohibitively long to run on modern, large data sets. But even in complex data sets, many data points may be at least partially redundant for some task of interest. So one might instead construct and use a weighted subset of the data (called a “coreset”) that is much smaller than the original dataset. Typically running algorithms on a much smaller data set will take much less computing time, but it remains to understand whether the output…

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Understanding machine learning with statistical physics

November 15, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Lenka Zdeborová (Institute of Theoretical Physics, CNRS)

E18-304

Abstract: The affinity between statistical physics and machine learning has long history, this is reflected even in the machine learning terminology that is in part adopted from physics. Current theoretical challenges and open questions about deep learning and statistical learning call for unified account of the following three ingredients: (a) the dynamics of the learning algorithm, (b) the architecture of the neural networks, and (c) the structure of the data. Most existing theories are not taking in account all of those…

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SDP Relaxation for Learning Discrete Structures: Optimal Rates, Hidden Integrality, and Semirandom Robustness

November 8, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Yudong Chen (Cornell University)

E18-304

Abstract: We consider the problems of learning discrete structures from network data under statistical settings. Popular examples include various block models, Z2 synchronization and mixture models. Semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation has emerged as a versatile and robust approach to these problems. We show that despite being a relaxation, SDP achieves the optimal Bayes error rate in terms of distance to the target solution. Moreover, SDP relaxation is provably robust under the so-called semirandom model, which frustrates many existing algorithms. Our…

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October 2019

Communicating uncertainty about facts, numbers and science

October 29, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

David Spiegelhalter (University of Cambridge)

32-D643

The claim of a ‘post-truth’ society, in which emotional responses trump balanced consideration of evidence, presents a strong challenge to those who value quantitative and scientific evidence: how can we communicate risks and unavoidable scientific uncertainty in a transparent and trustworthy way? Communication of quantifiable risks has been well-studied, leading to recommendations for using an expected frequency format. But deeper uncertainty about facts, numbers, or scientific hypotheses needs to be communicated without losing trust and credibility. This is an empirically…

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Accurate Simulation-Based Parametric Inference in High Dimensional Settings

October 25, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Maria-Pia Victoria-Feser (University of Geneva)

E18-304

Abstract: Accurate estimation and inference in finite sample is important for decision making in many experimental and social fields, especially when the available data are complex, like when they include mixed types of measurements, they are dependent in several ways, there are missing data, outliers, etc. Indeed, the more complex the data (hence the models), the less accurate are asymptotic theory results in finite samples.  This is in particular the case, for example, with logistic regression, with possibly also random effects…

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